CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a biologically active chemical compound found in the cannabis and hemp plant. You’ve most likely heard of other chemically active compounds found in cannabis and hemp like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) which is the primary psychoactive element. In addition, there are more than 100 other active compounds as well like CBN and CBG. Unlike THC, CBD does not have a psychoactive effect. Typically, CBD is extracted one of 3 ways: Supercritical fluid CO2, hydrocarbon solvents, alcohols such as ethanol. If you want to learn more about the extraction process check out this great article. <link to extraction blog>
It should be noted that research on how CBD works is still being done. CBD attaches to either CB1 or CB2 receptors in the body to create an effect. CB1 receptors can be found mostly in the brain. The CB1 receptors in the brain are connected to functions like coordination, emotions, mood, appetite, etc. CB2 receptors are mostly found in the immune system and closely connected to issues dealing with inflammation and pain.
What are the benefits of using CBD?
The passage of the Farm Bill has spurred on a wave of new CBD products but research into the benefits of CBD are just getting under way. As such, very little scientific research has been done to factually support the benefits of CBD.
The F.D.A. recently approved a purified CBD extract, Epidiolex, to treat seizure disorders in patients 2+ years of age after seeing the results of 3 successful clinical trials with 516 patients.
The Journal of Experimental Medicine recently published a study that found that CBD significantly reduced chronic inflammation and pain in mice and rats. Consumer research is now underway.
10% of respondents in a Consumer Reports survey said they use high-CBD strains as a sleep aid and it works. While this evidence is anecdotal there are some reasons to believe it is effective. Many products with high amounts of CBD also contain myrcene. Myrcene is a terpene that has sedating effects and has been used for centuries with animals. Hops have also been used for animal sedations and are very high in levels of myrcene.
A review by Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may help to reduce anxiety in people with disorders such as OCD, PTSD, social anxiety and generalized anxiety. Additionally, a small experiment in the journal of Neuropsychopharmacology found that CBD appeared to reduce nervousness in individuals with social anxiety during a simulated public speaking task.
What are the current regulations for CBD?
As it stands today, there are many continuing legal battles surrounding cannabis and CBD products. While these legal arguments playout little regulation has been created for the industry. The ICC (international code council), NFPA (national fire protection association) and ASTM )American Society for Testing and Materials) are working on creating standards for the CBD industry. These standards cover cultivation, extraction, laboratory conditions, infused products, security, and more. At Made By 1440 Processing one of our core tenants is making the highest quality product at the best value. For this reason, we use a non-isopropyl solvent based extraction method that’s always free from metals, pesticides and other harmful toxic ingredients. We also always 3rd party test at ISO 17025 facilities. To learn more contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.